INTRODUCTION

 

I bought this  not unattractive 250 page partly illustrated manuscript that was written in 1863 by a then unknown author at an auction in March 2016.  I bought it partly for its cricket content,  partly because it looked so interesting even though several pages were missing particularly at the back where most of a gathering had been removed, but mainly because the name Wisden appeared in some of the diary entries and in connection with cricket and could therefore I thought be the Wisden of Wisden's Almanack fame.  After purchase came the fun; researching what it was that I had bought.

A quick look showed that what I had bought was 3 perhaps 4 manuscripts

in one.  The first  was a day to day diary covering the period January 1863 to

September 1863.  The second was a shooting  diary covering the period

November 1862 - January 1863.  The third was a collection of sporting reports

to include rowing, horse racing, rackets, boxing and for this website cricket

for the spring/summer season of 1863.

What appeared to be a fourth was the scattered collection of pages that had

been torn or cut out.  These pages in no way  impact upon the other three 

texts. Further examination  from the relevant diary entries soon showed that

John Wisden and the author of this manuscript clearly knew each other well.

Further research confirmed that they probably knew each other well, quite

possibly for 15 years or more when Wisden had been coaching cricket at

Cambridge on a day when the author of this manuscript was playing cricket

for Magdalene college. 

The  name of the author  became clear with a little more work. It was Francis

Emilius Cary Elwes.  A relative of his owned the Egton Estate where part of

the shooting diary to be found inside was written. 

My big  surprise came after I began reading some of the cricket reports for

1863.   As I read them I could not help thinking that they were Wisden-like

except that the one person they could not possibly be by was Wisden. 

They were so like Wisden in style, I knew I would have to see what a first
edition of 1864 looked like and compare the two texts for similarities.  Initially, the results were disappointing.  There are no

cricket reports at all in the 1st edition of Wisden But then I happened upon the page with the University Rowing Matches.  Even without the benefit of later findings that provided proof this table I felt  had to have  been copied from the manuscript.  I then studied the Almanack section of Wisden 1864.  A rather odd thing it is too.  It provokes many questions of the"why did Wisden include this or that" variety.  I became convinced that many of the oddities in the Almanac section were personal and could be explained if looked at them from the life of F.E.C.Elwes, his family, friends and this manuscript. 

 

And so, 18 months later it has proved.  Very many of the entries in the Almanack section which are puzzling when viewed from Wisden's perspective have easily traceable sources when viewed from Elwes's.   The more I found, the clearer it became that whilst John Wisden certainly contributed too the creation of the Almanack, much of it was probably the work of Elwes , some of it demonstrably the work of Elwes and were I to bet hard cash I would be betting that the missing pages contained much more.  Then there were the cricket reports.  Anyone who knows what early Wisden cricket reports look like, how they read, their dry bare factual style, can hardly miss the similarity between the match reports in this manuscript .

 

Once upon a time it was a truth that I received and accepted, without even thinking to question whether Wisden had in fact been the creator of the Almanack that bears his name.  I later learned that there are some, amongst those who know their Wisdens well, who  have questioned whether Wisden was in fact the sole creator.  How right I think they are.  For my part, after 18 months of intermittent research, it is not a question of "did Wisden create the Almanack all by himself". He clearly did not.  To some extent Wisden has clearly  plagiarised as will be so easily shown.  The question  to be asked and answered is "how much is Elwes and how much is Wisden."  Plagiarism simple.  But plagiarism with a question mark.   As I shall explain, Wisden found himself in a very difficult situation.  What resulted was fantastic: the worlds greatest sporting Almanack.

Wisden I feel, made but one mistake.  That was in 1869 when he changed the name from the Cricketers Almanack to Wisden's Almanack  for when he did this he thus claimed the work of another as his own.

That is the big secret that I will explain, but over the course of my research I cant help thinking that there maybe another secret which I will quickly outline here .  There is no full length biography of Wisden, a fact given his enduring fame and status that I find surprising.  Many have tried but come up against the lack of documentation.  I was astounded to learn how little there is.  Only a few signed legal documents and carte de visite photos.  Not one single letter, other form of document, signed and inscribed books or copies of Wisden.  Not one single sentence or even phrase in Wisden's handwriting. Nothing to his close friends, family,famous cricketers customers etc Zero.    For such a publicly famous man how can there possibly be nothing.

I find it unlikely that if there were ever anything written by Wisden  that nothing would have survived.  So I ask myself  "Could Wisden in fact write?"  Perhaps not.  He had very little formal education and at a young age was sent to work. The given reason is that this was due to the death of his father.  But suppose for example that he were dyslexic.  Such people have a terrible time with spelling words to the extent that 40/50 years ago and more they would have been considered quite stupid.  It's not impossible that he could have taught himself to read.  Handwriting however is an acquired skill that  requires  practice.  Practice at spelling, practice at grammar and sentence construction, practice at forming the letters.  Just because one can read it does not therefore follow that one can write.  So "Could Wisden in fact write?"  I suspect not. 

                 

Over the coming months I shall try to explain everything in this manuscript and how it relates to Wisden, as well as explaining the relevance of anything else that needs explaining.   At the end I will also include the little outside of this manuscript that is known about Elwes and how the parts of the 1864 Almanack relate to Elwes, his life, family and friends.

 

I am convinced that this was the original source manuscript that led to the creation of Wisdens's Almanack and that the author of this ms. was at least one half of a partnership.  The other half being Wisden. 

The editor of Wisden Laurence Booth can confirm, thanks to his own designated expert Stephen Baldwin brief examination of the manuscript, that this is indeed, in part at least the original source manuscript.   

 

See what you think

Nigel King

Manuscript for January and February 1863 

with explanatory notes 

The title page to the 1864 first edition of Wisden's Almanack.  

Reproduced with the permission of Neil Robinson Lords library  

 The  title page to the 1864 first edition of Wisden has an unusually large variety of typefaces and sizes.

 

The diary pages in particular are interesting in their variety for here too is  a variety of lettering, both in size and style.  Similar varieties are to be seen throughout the diary sections of the manuscript

 

The first of the missing pages in the manuscript is where the title  page would be expected to be.

 

Did it, I ask myself, once upon a time contain the title page that was used in the 1864 first edition of Wisden?  

  

   

Below is the first page of the manuscript.  To the left are the remains of a missing yellow page.  It has been cut out using a sharp knife and the knife has partly cut into the next 2 pages.  All the other missing pages look to have been cut out using a pair of scissors.  Written in pencil by a former owner or more likely a dealer  on the fly leaf is the information that this is a sporting diary by "Bignall."  This is not the case as will be shown later, although the name Bignall does appear in the Shooting portion.

 

Today, it can only be speculation as to what may have been written on this written page.  Science though offers the possibility that this may not always be so.  Watchers of the programme  "Fake or Fortune"  will be well aware of some of the advances that science can bring.  Reflection Transformation Imaging is one of these very modern very recent techniques that offers some hope of finding out what was on the missing page.  Its still developing and advancing and of course isnt free but one day...              

 

Egton written in red refers to the Egton estate in Yorkshire.  Then, as it  still is now,  was a large shooting estate that was sold to the family of the current owners in 1868.  It was sold by a member of the Elwes family by auction in 1869 but in 1863 it was owned by Cary Charles Elwes.

January   1863

 

THURSDAY 1

CIRCUMCISION  

Shot about Nth Moor. Stonegate Gill etc. R. Smith carried  a gun and handled well. I am sorry to say feeling very unwell. did not do the same. A tremendous storm drove us home early sleet and hail and a hurricane of wind. I felt very unwell and glad to get home for the day see page 

 

FRIDAY 2 

Went to White's about William's case. Riding of course the Old Grey beast. Soon settled our little conference, and smoked the pipe of PEACE.

Wrote a good many letters when I got home - and used my pencil a good deal to keep me awake. I can  answer for my sleep at NIGHT.

 

SATURDAY 3 

Dreadful but somewhat ridiculous day on the HAZEL HEAD BEAT. Not a woodcock on the whole ground. The famous wood down to Burnetts - always a sure find. The cause must have been from the frightful storm of which more hereafter See page 6 

Sunday 4   

Second SUN. AFTER CHRISTMAS

Rode up to morning church. Very seedy. Grubbed at White's dinner - Rode on and called on John Underwood. the Invalid. much pleased was he at the attention. afterwards at Ralph Wood's- the ditto scene pipes and gin of course. 

 

MONDAY 5 

DIVIDEND DAY AT BANK 

Great Flood - Railway people alarmed for the safety of their temporary bridges, and worked most bravely.The Gt. bridge near the BEGGARS BRIDGE was apparently in the greatest danger the loose timber there was kept stationary by Iron piles, they kept an eye on floating logs.Wm and I were on the water all day.   

 

THURSDAY 6  

EPIPHANY  

Floods about the same but the danger past for the Engineers & river like a grand rolling sea of white foam.  Initially in short paragraphs.

Had one look fro KEEPER'S BRIDGE. We then took our guns and the ferrets - and did a little business in Park Hall 19 being slain.   See page - Many of the earths being broken up.

 

WEDNESDAY 7  

Ferreted in Limber. Nice day - Difficult shooting but the Irons were skillfully handled - 16 brought home. Talked a great (deal?) to a foreman mason on my way home. He shewed me his plans for his bridge. 6 Arches I think. Indeed Engineers  Contractors Foremen and men were all particularly civil and behaved (referring of in this particular of course to the "navvies)   See page        

January 1st

 

The connections to Wisden 1864 begin with the very first word of this diary.  Circumcision.  January the 1st  in the Almanack  section in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden  reads British Museum closed.  All subsequent editions with content other than cricket have Circumcision for their January 1st entry.  Circumcision refers  to The Circumcision of Christ.   Something the author of this ms.  as a regular church goer knew very well.  I propose  the idea that Wisden, saw the entry for circumcision and felt that may have been a bit much f or any gentleman to have done on January the 1st and so changed it for British Museum Closed, an entry  unlikely to cause offence to anyone.

 

Any references to shooting are covered more  extensively in the separate Shooting Season Diary Nov 1862 - Jan 1863 section unless

there is an important point to make.

R.Smith is/was a much smaller landowner who owned land surrounded by the Egton Estate  as shown by the map that accompanied the auction sale of the Egton estate in 1869

 

The author is frequently unwell, possibly in part from what he would die of in 1867

January 4th

 

The author is a regular attender at church and would have been familiar with all the religious entries in the 1864 1st edition of wisden.  Many of the Almanacks entries are also to be found in the diary section of this ms.

     

January 5th

 

Dividend day at Bank.  There is an entry in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden  January 5th for "Dividends Due At Bank" In April of both the ms. and the 1864  is another similar entry.  In the ms it reads"Divis due at bank"  Some at least of the the authors banking records survive (more Later) where it can be seen that he did receive dividends in January and April.

A page here  can also be seen to have been removed

 

January 9th

 

At the top of the entry for January 9th the author has written "Fire Insurance ceases"  In the Almanack of 1864 for January 9th is the term "Fire Insurance Expires "

 

January 11th

 

       1st Sunday after epiphany appears in both texts.

 

January 12th 13th and 14th

 

The beginning of the Hilary Law Term, Cambridge Term and Oxford Term are all recorded in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden.  The author as well as being a student at Magdalene College Cambridge was also a member of the Oxford and Cambridge Club which I think makes  the author a likely source for these 3 entries.

 

 The initials H.W.L. in the January 11th entry  stand for H. W. Lindlow who seconded the authors membership of Lords.  On the same day Alec who had dysentry is most probably either Alexander Hepburn Murray his brother in law or Alexander Murray his father in law.  The former later became Major-General Alexander Hepburn Murray.  The latter was responsible for mapping most of Newfoundland.  

 

The author's wife's family were from a prominent Scottish family.  Alexander Murray senior fought at the Battle of Navarino where he was awarded a medal.  The date of this battle is noted in the first edition of Wisden 1864 in the Almanack section for October.  It reads 20 Thurs Battle of Navarino, 1827.  

 January 1863

 

THURSDAY

Shot Glaize- Hard white frost a rabbit out and two woodcocks who beats us were never even fired at -17 RABBITS were killed and 2 pheasants - 19 HEAD. Extraordinary accident with the boy and galloway see page  ( See Shooting Diary) 

FRIDAY 9

FIRE INSURANCE CEASES  

Rained all night. River as high as ever- Gave Mrs. Wm her dress - Arthur Brooksbank   called for a few minutes from Mulgrave . He was nearly lost in the mud. Wrote a quantity of letters having nothing else to do. Got ready to start on the next day.

SATURDAY 10

Went to town by early train. Rained like a deluge. Brooksbank accompanied as far I think as Doncaster- Got carriage all to myself . Nth. eastern servants very civil, lost a new hat out of the window. The story in relation to it is not repeatable tho' good .

 

SUNDAY 11  1ST AFTER EPIPH  

Felt somewhat ill and particularly absent, uninteresting diary for some time. At H.W.L.'s Luncheon - Claret - Rawlinson - Mrs. l unwell. On getting home found Alec stuck up with dysentry. Did a job in town.

MONDAY 12  

HIL TERM BEG  To H. Wilson's Andre's Douglas. Lost my check book but could not tell where - Drew out £110 pounds at Goslings which to my horror about cleaned me out. Saw Malto. Felt very absent.

 

TUESDAY 13  

CAM TERM B(EGINS) Pagets Wisden's Luncheoned at O & C. Concluded a little job. Alec still unwell. Saw Malton with GLEE - Hard to rember all I did.   

 

WEDNESDAY 14  

OXFORD TERM B(EGINS)    

Made up and paid little bill- felt better, Alec still ill with dysentry

Boss-Browns-Luncheoned and dined at the club At Winsor & Newtons .

THURSDAY 15    

Very private, but in good taste 9 only present including the bride-groom Minnie - Alec - Aunt H - Walls _Mortlock _Coomber  (best man) Lucas. Dear Minnie in a dashed but still pretty dress looked the best  of all. Breakfast good but not costly - Married at Roman Ch. too

For January 12th there  is  an entry that reads "drew out £110 at Goslings" Goslings were  bankers of choice for many of the gentry.  Their records survive virtually intact and are held by Barclays Archive Group at Withenshawe Manchester.  The author had an account with Goslings and the records confirm that he withdrew £110 pounds cash.

 

There are other diary entries that can be confirmed by these records. (eg. see below )   The end of the January 12th entry reads "saw Malton. Felt very seedy." Malton is Doctor Christopher Malton.  Goslings show that later in the year he was paid in excess of 30 pounds.  Throughout the diary there are many instances where the author feels less than well. 

 

January 13th

 

The first mention of many meetings with Wisden in the diary throughout the period January 1863 - June 1863.  When the author writes"Wisdens'" he definitely means Wisden of cricket fame as will become apparent with the finding and  existence of contemporary documents. 

 January 15

 

The author records getting married.  Minnie  (Mary Helen Murray) was his bride.  I think that he married her twice, once in England and once in Hamilton Canada possibly in 1856.  They were married in a Roman Catholic church, his wife was a staunch Roman Catholic.  

 

Her father as previously related mapped much of Newfoundland  and she spent much of her early life near the Canadian border in Vermont North America.  It would seem that the author met her in Vermont? on one of his trips abroad.   These fact provides an alternative reason for the inclusion of the 3 American entries.  

a) 22 February   George Washington b. in Virginia 1732

b)  9  December  George Washington d. 1799

c)  11  March  Benjamin West the painter died 1820

Interestingly also given what I suggest about Wisden's ability to spell, Benjamin West, in common with Wisden had little formal education and apparently despite his artistic abilities even when President of the Royal Academy could scarcely spell.  

 

Wisden led a team of cricketers on a tour to America and Canada to play cricket against a number of local teams.  The organising of this series of matches began in 1856 by William Pickering a former cricketer and founder of Surrey cricket

club who had emigrated. It was 3 years before the tour took place due to problems with financial guarentees.  

 

It is known that the author of this ms. may have been in Hamilton and various other places in Canada/North America in 1856, had connections to Surrey cricket club  and also as a gentleman may have had easy introduction to William Pickering and importantly as will be shown had the trust of Wisden who of course had the trust of the players. 

 

Could he have been the "go-between"  trusted by both sides who had contact with both sides and was therefore able to smooth out problems and issues and thus to facilitate the tour's  taking  place?   It would be no surprise if there were such an individual somewhere in the background; there often is .

January 17

 

His accounts show that £250 pounds was deposited in January

Kensington Gardens was very close to where he lived and and to would often go to.

January 18

 

Mildenhall refers to an estate at Mildenhall Suffolk that he had an interest in.  He had money problems and later gave it up(sold).  Part of the shooting diary (coming soon) takes place on this estate

     

Libre Baskerville is a classic font with a modern twist. It’s easy to read on screens of every shape and size, and perfect for long blocks of text.

January 1863

 

Friday 16  

Felt very unwell from indigestion. Too late for Malton. Saw him however in the evening at Kensington. Treatment changed. Mere invalids diary this and most uninteresting.

SATURDAY 17  

Not well. Got a note of hand from Goslings and letter from Rackham - about my money matters - Note of hand £250. Walked in Kensington Gardens. Chow Chow was lost (supposed to be stolen, but the supposition was wrong.

SUNDAY  18  

2 SUN AFT EPIPH    

AT Lindow's - Cigars Claret etc  Felt far from well - but still improving as I thought. Went to arrange about Mildenhall but Henry seemed certain of being unable  to go from Alexander's illness . - C.C.B.dined at 39 - But he comes so often that I really take no note of it.

MONDAY   19    

Went to Malton's but had a long wait for him  _ Gave checques to Wisden Boss etc. - afterwards wished I had not but I was wise enough to  counterorder one or two things afterwards - In fact I  had been rather throwing away money - as I soon found out.

TUESDAY  20  

Into town - At Payne's after a watch and at Abud and Collingwood's as I knew these men would wait for a long time - I was not much afraid - but non I am convinced I was wrong - these were presents mostly which I had been purchasing- 

WEDNESDAY  21  

Gave away the presents - called at the Drummond's not at home. Being tired of Brown I ordered a few clothes at Linney's - WaterlooPlace Lindow's man I recognised - Parfitts old foreman.  Got the cast of Landseer's rabbit terriers for the smoking room.

THURSDAY  22

LInney came then Malton. Financial matters certainly looked fishey. Saw Teddy and Briggs the latter en route for Italy with Carry - Gave away some presents - People called like fun - Arranged about Mildenhall - could not get guns. Heard  that Dick's boy was to be christened next Sunday.

FRIDAY  23  

Gave checques Wisden Brown Boss - the other's had been torn up  the confusion in fact - Drummond 's came  - Pop got her earrings from me - Hired a breech loader for Alec at Boss's

C.C.B. is Charles Cary Barnard  who was vicar at Bigby.  Were help with the religious element needed, presumably he could have provided it.  The number 39 refers to the address in Kensington where the author of this ms. lived.  He lived at 39 Queens Gate Terrace Kensington.  This address no longer exists and is now part of either or both 37 or 41 Queens Gate Terrace (see photograph  at the bottom bottom of page.)           

 

 January 19th

 

The author records giving a check to Wisden And Boss.   Goslings records show that a check for an amount in excess of 30 pounds was paid to J. Wisden.  These records also show other payments to J. Wisden in previous years together with a check payable to F. Lillywhite at a time and date when Wisden was in partnership with F. Lillywhite.  Boss refers to gunmakers Boss who made the Boss Breech Loader.   A vintage Boss Breech Loader is a very expensive gun nowadays. 

 

January 21st

 

No payments are recorded for a bust of Landseers "rabbit terriers " presumably a bronze. I cant imagine it was cheap.

 

January 22nd

 

Arranged about Mildenhall refers to shooting on the estate at which the author had an interest (see shooting diary)

 

January 23rd

 

Hired a Boss Breech Loader for Alec. Alec is either the authors  father in law or brother in law. Its unclear which, but probably brother in law.  

JANUARY 1863

 

SATURDAY  24    

Felt seedy. Heard of the arrival of the Fabricotts from abroad - sea sick - Bernard with a black eye - C.C.B. dined here but he comes frequently and one does not recollect  when. Counter-ordered one or two things at Payne's.

 

SUNDAY  25  

CONVERSION OF ST . PAUL

Went into town. Could not spot H.W.L. saw the Mrs.  Rawlinsons at Ecclestone Street. Tried the rag twice - but no good. Dined at the O. and C. Looked in at the Rayleigh - Drummond and I walked up with Teddy - He dropped me at H.W.L's- the ladies behind en route to Charlotte's -  We took some care to be some way ahead of them.

 

MONDAY  26  

Went up to Winsor and Newtons and recovered  my topcoat   (????)  Left Kensington about 2.30 - got to Shoreditch about 3.30 - this hitch-Alec came by appointment- punctuall.y Got down to Kennet about 9 - and refreshed - at Steed's - at 9 1/2 - perhaps tired - saw Talbot -slept well.

 

UESDAY  27  

Shot the big cover - Never saw such work 2 guns trying to shoot what 4 could not do. To mean kill the pheasants - to a certain extent - got our allowance by luncheon time - and then went down to little purpose to Snipe Marsh - missed a great deal of course - no cover - therefore did a deal of harm. see page

 

WEDNESDAY  28  

In the fields after the wild partridges - wild by Jove they were - Alec and I shot badly  - very - and (???) See page- Both of us rather disgusted - i shot 2 brace.

 

THURSDAY  29  

Alec returned to town. I tried ferreting  rabbits. made a mull of it from carelessness - got all ferrets stuck - They had been cleaned out by the warreners   - frightened the pheasants away like the Deuce - see page

 

FRIDAY  30    

K. CHARLES THE MARTYR   Looked through the very handsome old church of Mildenhall with Mr. Dean a most polite old gentleman - Talbot and I tried the snipe ground - got 1 each and a partridge - saw several snipe but unreachable.

 

SATURDAY 31  

HIL. TERM ENDS  PART & PH.SHOOTING ALSO  

 

FEB 1 being  Sunday.

Wrote quantities of letters poured with rain - Drove with Talbot over Sir Charles's Private Manor most splendid ground - In fact - take the whole thing I never saw such a manor cover alone   

At the top of the next  2 pages can, not for the only occasion  be seen an illustration of an hour glass.  It is perhaps interesting to note that one of the societies included in the section of British Societies is Horological institute

January 25

      The date of the  Conversion of St Paul is recorded in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden.  Dined at the O and C and looked in at the Raleigh refers to 2 of the clubs of which he was a member.  The author refers here to the Oxford and Cambridge and the Raleigh travel and Exploration Clubs, both of which he was a member.  He was also a member of Lords cricket club and Princes rackets club.   Membership payments are

recorded in Goslings banking records for all 5 clubs

January 27th 28th and 29

    For a fuller account see shooting diary.

January 30

King Charles the Martyr.

In the Almanack section of the first edition of Wisden 1864 the entry for January the 30th reads

 " Martyrdom of King Charles 1"

There are many odd inclusions  in the 1st edition of  Wisden's Almanack  but surely one of the most surprising must be the account of the Trial of King Charles the 1st. 

Did Wisden really write that account! I dont believe it.

      The author of this manuscript however certainly had Catholic leanings  as is shown by his enjoyment of his marriage in a Catholic church.  There is a strong  possibility that his family may have been Catholics in secret.  The village of Egton  was a small stronghold  of Catholicism.  Many members of his family publicly converted from the mid 1860's onwards to Catholicism and  financed Catholic projects.   At Stoke College in Stoke by Clare formerly owned by another Elwes there exists  a priest hole.  Finally I discovered  (late 2018/early 2019) that the Cary in FECE's name derives from the Cary family of Devon who for centuries were the most prominent family of

Catholics in Devon .

 

January 31st

      Hilary law Term ends.  The 1864 Almanack records Hilary Law Term as ending on February 1st.

      Sir Charles's private manor may refer to the owner of  what is now Stoke College Stoke - by - Clare.  This was owned by various members of the Elwes family, one of whom John Elwes served as the model for Scrooge in Dickens's   Christmas Carol.

      Reverend George Crabbe's death date is recorded in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden  as February 8th.  It was actually the 3rd of February.   Given all the wonderful poets whose date of death could be recorded one might well ask why George Crabbe was the only one chosen.   There is a slim connection to the author.

The road from Mildenhall to Stoke- by- Clare passes through a place called Wickhambrook .  George Crabbe served part of his apprenticeship to be a doctor here. 

FEBRUARY 1863

 

SUNDAY 1

SEPTUAGESIMA SUNDAY      

Gave Minnie her new Lett's diary. Johnny called looking  uncommonly well. C.C.B. as usual. Found to my delight that Chow Chow had not been stolen this time - a guinea (Alec's) recovered him - he had merely followed a butcher this time. Great bore however to hear of another overdraw at Gosling's

 

MONDAY 2  

Dick came in the evening. Minnie went to Monday Pop! Malton saw me - Johnny Elwes looked us up he was in in great form. Great talks we had over my money matters.

 

TUESDAY 3    

Went to Rackham's in re. Gosling - Grice got his money  at last Dick and Murray went to the City  - they or Dick saw H.W.L. I was welcome to give up Mildenhall - glad to hear of it  - got hair done - seedy with cold  C.C.B. came . Minnie at Mrs Drummonds   (???)  wrote letters.

 

WEDNESDAY 4  

Invoice to Lindow. Dick and Alec I find went to his office today not yesterday - I went again to Rackham's - so wet I cabbed it each way - a bore as I like a walk. We all four dined at the Fabricotts  Mr. St. Clair being the only guest& Miss Murray (aunt H)good wine and grub & justice done to it. Found the £50  the two presents as I thought to   give the the 2 girls for costumes to a more useful purpose - paying some of our bills - Dick went to Rackham about Legacy duty and Lincoln's afterwards. Pelham called lookingvery well indeed - Alec to the Geological Museum Drummonds to dinner - Alec sang with great kudos

 

FRIDAY 6  

Alec girls and Bernard to riding school - Grosvenor Street. Dick left us about 1 o'clock - en route home - I into town - Wisden's - Paget's & O.& C. Fancied I had lost my signet ring a mistake thank God. Actually came home - went again published a notice! no use! 

 

SATURDAY 7  

Found my ring to my delight  at my own washstand . Up late on Friday night squaring up accts. Called on the   Oliphants with Alec - I seemed fated to never see the great GEOLOGIST - and Fabricotts dined here - I was ill and retired early.   

February 1st

     Johnny (see also Feb 2nd) I believe is Johnny Elwes from Bossington Stockbridge a relative born 1836.  He connects to the 1st edition of Wisden  in 2 ways.   Firstly he spent a short time at Harrow where Wisden coached for a few years although he was not there whilst Wisden was.  Secondly, according to the Harrow School register  he joined the 7th fusiliers and saw action in both the Crimea and the Indian mutiny.   The  Harrow School Register  records several other pupils with the surname Elwes all from Bossington Stockbridge  who were at Harrow when Wisden was there.   Could the author of this ms. and or member/s have had some influential connection with Wisden taking up a coaching position at Harrow.  Perhaps.  Where Wisden is found the author of this ms. and or his family are never far away in some way or other as to name but one for now, for example, will be seen in the "shooting diary Nov 1862- Jan 1863"

      The dates of several Battles of the Crimea are recorded in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden.   Johnny Elwes provides  one of several connections  between the author of the ms. and the Battles of the Crimea. 

 

February 2nd

      Dick is the author's brother Richard James Cary Elwes.  He appears many times in the diary. More of him later. 

 

February 3rd

Rackham is Willoughby Braere Stihl Rackham and  was the author's, and perhaps  other members of his family's solicitor.  Who Grice was, is unknown.

Mildenhall., Suffolk. A shooting estate in Suffolk that the author appears to have had some interest in.  See shooting diary 1862-1863.

Mrs Drummond may have been part of the Drummond family in Scotland near to where his wife's family came from or perhaps Drummonds the banker.  

February 5th

What the legacy duty is, is unknown.

Lincoln is another of the author's brothers.

Pelham. Quite probably 3rd earl  of Yarborough Charles Anderson Pelham.  The first Earl of Yarborough's daughter had married the author's father although she was not the author's mother.    

 The Geological Museum.  In the British Societies section of the 1st edition of Wisden there is an entry for The Geological Society

February 6th

One of several mentions for Wisden consisting of nothing but his name

Paget's is unknown

February 7th

Laurence O is probably Laurence Oliphant author.

Ramsey is Sir Andrew Ramsey a well known geologist of his the time.

 

FEBRUARY 1863

 

SUNDAY 8 SEXAGESIMA

-S  Went to Wisden's by appt.nt accts of the coming season better but nothing to brag at. Mr. St. Clair came in to luncheon and a Mr. Morgan an intimate friend of Alec's - with a dreadful hair lip- quite painful in fact. Felt rather unwell _ Helen and Bernard looked in about 6-

 

9 MONDAY  

Dear old alec left us - taking affectionate leave of me in bed. He was "en route" for the North - taking dick's for one or two days - on the way - at Payne's about watches. - Went to monday P. with Minnie but had to leave from weakness  - leaving a library book in the cab which I never recovered tho I sent to Scotland Yard-

 

10  TUESDAY  

Minnie took another riding lesson with her brother and sister. I had given up on Malton when lo he appeared. taking his pipe as usual -  a long walk - he gave me a lift in his brougham to Bond Street - He seemed to know everybody we met - Wisden's - Cricket intelligence more hopeful.

 

11 WEDNESDAY  

Finished that all absorbing novel "Lady Audley's Secret"- Impersonation of a female fiend - wonderful. My private shooting diary for the 62-63 season beat me and gave me a headache. Charlotte  and Mrs. Evans having left cards I returned them and had a most pleasant chat with Charlotte.

 

12   THURSDAY    

Wrote several letters - waited for Larry and got tired and came home instead of dining there as I originally intended - found Minnie's little present Photograph Book - Wisden not at home - Minnie dined with the  Fabricotts and went with them to the English opera. 

 

13  FRIDAY  

At Wisden's where I saw Dark, good cricket news - Made my accts pretty proper - and gave two or three cheques - Wm's game accts came_ began to see my way through them.

 

14  SATURDAY      

Malton came but not till after 2 o'clock- Bitter cold day - glad of it more like winter. Hurried off to Lord's (could not get a cab till I reached Bryanston Sqr.) Found Larry at tennis - distinguishing himself - took a pipe and glass with him on my way home. Reading in the evening . Finished Vol.1 "Aurora Floyd"   

February 8th

Fabricotts are unknown but appear from time to time. Wisden's By appt refers to Wisden's shop. Goslings bank records show a cheque paid to Wisden for a sum in excess of 30 pounds. A not inconsiderable sum in 1863.  

Who Morgan, St. Clair, Helen and Bernard are is unknown

 

February 9th

The entry in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden  for November 18 reads "Metropolitan Police founded 1829" and thus provides a connection to the Almanack from the ms. with the entry for entry for Scotland Yard.  November 18th the date given  for the founding of the Met though would appear to be wrong.  It was founded 29 September 1829.   Over the years since its inception Wisden's Almanack  became known for its scrupulous accuracy.  The first edition uncharacteristically though has many mistakes of which this is just one.  Some of the mistakes 

of Wisden ​as will be shown later must have come from this diary /author.       

 

February 10

Another meeting at Wisden's subject unknown.

 

February 11th

 

The author reads a great deal both fiction and non-fiction.

"My private shooting diary   for the season 62-63" see next manuscript chapter.

Charlotte is possibly his niece Charlotte Maria Tennyson nee Elwes who was married to poet laureate Alfred Tennyson's  brother Horatio.  Another link to the reasons for including so many of the battles of the Crimea in the 1st edition of Wisden  because of course Alfred Tennyson wrote the famous poem  "The Charge of the light Brigade"  Or she may be Charlotte Allington Pye.  She was the wife of C.C.B. Charles Cary Barnard .  "Charlotte" makes a few appearances.  She was a poet and composer and used the name Claribel.

The shooting diary for the season will be appearing as the next part.  It begins in december and then goes back to November.  The authors dating maybe muddled, although as an account of a winter season of shooting it is for those who like shooting of interest.   

 

February 12th

 

Larry is Laurence Birch, a friend.

Another mention of Wisden although he is not at home.

 

February 13th

Another contact with Wisden.  Dark is James Dark professional cricketer  and owner of Lords.  Wikipedia give a biography.

What the good cricket news might be can only be guessed at.

"made my accts. pretty proper" presumably in part at least means the day he paid Wisden. 

Wm's game accts. are for the season 62-63  at Egton 

February 14th

Lords had and still  has a tennis court. 

Fanny G. is Fanny Gruber but no more is known of her.

Aurora Floyd is a 3 volume novel by Mary Braddon.

February 15th

The portraits at the top of the page are possibly morphing into self portraits.  A timer is too be seen in most 

The Kensington Gardens.  The author regularly writes about being in these gardens generally having a pipe.  They were the Royal Horticultural Gardens in Kensington that were opened in 1861 and but a few hundred yards away from where he lived. at 39 Queens Gate Terrace.   The 1864 1st edition of Wisden has entries for June and July for  which at the bottom of their pages read" Mulberry trees introduced into England ,1699" and "Peach and nectarine trees brought into England from Persia ,1562."  It is surely possible that these gardens had mullbery and peach trees in them with a label explaining such and were the source for this information.  

Stirring Times Under Canvas by I. S. A. Herford.  A book describing Oude  the land to the north of the Ganges together with a  brief description  of Cawnpore, Calcutta, and Allahbad.

February 17th

Quite an informative entry with Wisden.  The author was a member of Lords for several years.  He was first elected June 4  1849 proposed by George Luard  and seconded by H. Lindlow (or H.W.L. as the author frequently refers to him as ).  Initially in Lords's records he is recorded as living at Gloucester Coffee House, Piccadilly.  A reference book published by Antique Collectors Club,  British Prints Dictionary and Price Guide by Ian Mackenzie has for its end papers a reproduction of a print showing the Gloucester (hotel) Coffee House.   Later membership books record his addresses as Magdalene College Cambridge and Astely House Whitby although that is incorrect and should read Aislaby.  For some reason he would appear to have resigned.

FEBRUARY 1863

 

15   SUNDAY    

QUINQUAGESIMA.S

Stroll in the Kensington Gardens-  2 days frost to my delight -(nearly the first of the season)Both dined at home. Fanny Grueber with us. - Finished "Aurora Floyd"& Stirring Times Under canvas" good talk

 

16  MONDAY   

John (???) Larry after waiting at O.& C. arrived late after watching a most spirited contest between  (Text unclear)

 

17 TUESDAY

SHROVE TUESDAY -(pancakes day!)

saw - Wisden about M.C.C. I recall

Into town -Consultations with Wisden about photographs -Matches - Joining the M.C.C. again.  Had to go twice that night to Malton for a necessary operation which I should be sorry to undergo again. When I got back the last time I found Minnie just come and sympathizing.

 

18 ASH WEDNESDAY  

Camb. T.D.    Felt very well in the morning -Into town - Wisden's - Great deal of talk about cricket matches-got photographs etc -capital luncheon -Walked a great deal about the Parks. In the evening had to go up to Malton's twice to have an operation. - I should not care about such pain every night -  I met Minnie on my last return who sympathized.

 

19 THURSDAY

Finished "Daughters of Eve" Minnie arranged the photographs into the new book  - present she kindly gave me - I thought it wiser to give up the "Duke's Motto"after my shock yesterday - Sorry spirit afterwards - Miss Grueber went with Minnie instead. - It never ceased raining.

 

20 FRIDAY

Felt a deal better "Smoking room " cleaned out to a certain extent  - some cricketing photographs hung up - leaving a title or two for my bedroom where I hung up two. - Plenty of room for anything of my own either in the smoking or bedroom - Minnie staid at home - much music between her and Miss G. - Wrote to Malton 

Felt much better.Did accts. up etc - Malton came early in the afternoon - Sent the Gosling's book back to Rackham for Inspection - As I felt rather anxious about them - Began "Round About Papers" Thackeray - Met  Tomline - The "Waters" left their cards - Had rather a bad night   

 Sadly the membership records for Lords are incomplete so it is not possible to tell why or when he resigned.

 In 1863 Wisden began selling signed carte de visites of cricketers.  I have seen a reproduction of one with his signature.  

I am told that this signature is identical to a few legal documents with his signature on them.  It is very neat almost copperplate in look and I would say without any of the usual flourishes one usually sees on a signature. 

This trip together with another the next day  and others to his doctor Malton probably helped to create the  bill for about 30 pounds as shown in  his banking records.

February 18th

Camb T. D.    Stands for Cambridge Term Divides.  For February 25 the 1864 1st edition of Wisden has the entry"Cambridge Term divides at Midnight" 

At Wisden's again where there was great talk about cricket matches. Clearly the author had several lengthy talks with Wisden. 

One wonders just what these photographs were!

Exactly what was causing such painful  operations is unknown but it may well have been a sympton of what he would die from about 4 and a half years later.  

February 19th

"Minnie arranged my photographs" Cricket photographs?

February 20th

A good collection of photographs. Probably of reasonable  value were they still in existence. 

FEBRUARY 1863

 

22 SUNDAY

QUADREGESIMAS 1 IN LENT  EMBER W.

A Careful examination of the BOOK OF GOSLING'S showed that with great care - things would come round again. - To the Horticultural in the afternoon with Minnie - very pleasant - Fanny Grueber dined here I was kept awake by the music a good deal. 

 

23  MONDAY 

Into town - Grant's, Linney's, Wisden's, where I saw Caffyn & Mortlock Kind of half rain - with Minnie and Miss Grueber to Monday P. Some new hands were there  9 (wind instruments and strings misc played one very pretty thing - Halle solo - exquisite  Winn & (Las???0 who cant sing came (???) Went in a cab and walked home - C.C.B. was there -Halle and Ficetti lovely- Moligne - moderate violinist.

 

24  TUESDAY

To Linney tailor carried off a regular cartload of clothes hardly worn  but a great deal too big as I had lost 1 stone and a half since my illness. Found C.C.B. with Minnie and Mrs s(???) going home from a visit to 39 - M dined at Helen's to help the host - Saw Rackham - Commenced with delight "Sylvia's Lovers the scene of which is entirely laid at Whitby in Whaling and press gang days 

 

25  WEDNESDAY 

Finished 2nd volume of Sylvia's Lovers Commenced "True As Steel" a rather confused book of the times of Charles the V - Minnie to Helen's. I took my daily stroll _ Fanny Grueber called & took some heavy tea - music 

 

26  THURSDAY 

Gave Taylorson a cheque for £40  Took hot port wine & nutmeg close - Very Almighty- Luncheoned at the club - Felt rather queer - did not sleep well - got a hacking cough - Continued "True As Steel" Tired of it We both dined at home - Fanny G. with us

 

27  FRIDAY

Did a little painting - Very fine day - Took a long walk - Minnie to Porchester Terrace - Finished "true as Steel" - Very tired of it - Tried to see H.W.L. at the Rag - Could hardly get in - it was so crammed - Resumed the Whitby "Sylvia's lovers"

 

28 SATURDAY 

Drummond had luncheon at 39- Pop too ill - Left behind at Westbury - M & I went to exhibition - Empty_ & it looks pretty well from size - Not a soul at the Horticultural  - all the world at the "Drawing rooms" Walked over to Porchester Terrace - Drank claret & smoked heavy Suffered for it afterwards-

February 22nd

In the section on British societies in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden  the Horticultural Society is a listed in the clist of British societies. 

February 23rd

Grant's and Linney's are unknown but presumably shops.

At Wisden's where I saw Caffyn and Mortlock.   Caffyn is William Caffyn, who was a professional who played for Surrey and England.  Mortlock is William Mortlock who was a professional cricketer who also played for Surrey and the Players in some of the Gentleman v Players series of matches.  

Monday Pop would appear to be some sort of musical evening.  The author liked music.   A future relation Gervase Elwes  was an English opera singer of note.   Gosling's banking records record payments to Broadwood and Chappelle both fine piano makers.   Molique could be Bernhard Molique a German violinist and composer.  The author would appear to have quite an interest and perhaps ability and judgement in music.

February 24th

Taylorson.  Probably a manservant.  The author must have been quite ill to have lost so much weight.   He makes a few appearances including one a couple of days later.  Who Mrs. Seth and Helen are is unknown 

Sylvia's Lovers a novel by Elizabeth Gaskell set in Whitby.   The author spent several years nearby and gave as his address Aislaby House, a place where his brother Dick was the tenant.

February 25th

True as Steel Novel author unknown  but not rated very highly. More music.

February 26th 

A check for 40 pounds payable to Taylorson is recorded in Gosling's.

Ill again.

February 27th

"did a little painting."  An art teacher friend of mine suggests that as far as his art goes he, the author is not "without ability"  

February 28th

Who he is going to at Porchester Terrace is unknown.

Not the first time the author drinks and smokes a little too much.

N.B.

  If one Googles the following words and phrases  in inverted commas "Oxford term begins" " Cambridge term begins"  "Hilary law term begins" " Cambridge term divides" at the time of writing only one result is returned. There must be more than one result because these 4 precise phrases are all in the 1864 1st edition of Wisden  and that is not shown in the Google  search returns.  

 

Also in both so far are the precisely same phrases "dividends due at Bank"," fire insurance" (expires/ceases) the terms of the above ending, and albeit in a different context  the words geological, horticultural, civil, engineers,  pheasant, partridge shooting and as will be seen many more uncommonly used words names and phrases that appear in both the ms. and the 1864 1st edition of Wisden.

 

There comes a time when it is impossible for the 2 texts not to be very closely related rather than some extraordinary coincidence of events and an acceptance that the author of this manuscript must have contributed much.   Perhaps not yet (February 2018) but soon. 

Below is an image of a page from F. E. C. Elwes's bank account with bankers Gosling's.   At the top of the page for 22 January 1863 is an entry for payment of £30 pounds to Wisden.   At the bottom of the page are 2 further cricket related entries:   The first is to J. H. Dark  who ran a subscription fund;  The second is a subscription payment to Lords Cricket ground. 

 

The image is published with the permission of and thanks to Barclay Group Archives who hold the Gosling 's bank records        

Below is an earlier entry from Gosling' s bank records for F. E. C. Elwes showing his subcription  payment to Surrey County Cricket Club for 1863. 

 

This image is also published with the permission of and thanks to Barclays Group Archives.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Above is Number 39 Queens Gate Terrace as it is now.  It no longer exists  as 39 and is now part of Number  41. In 1863 it was a 7 storey mansion which included the area from the front door where Number 41 now is and the 2 window frames to the left  and  included  a basement level.

 

The end of this section apart from the correction of  typos or

the addition of newly found  relevant data  

                                                                              Click Here  for Part B

All texts and images unless otherwise stated are © Nigel King 2018-19. All rights reserved.

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